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Bleach, Chlor-Alkali & Caustic Soda Production (2812-BC)

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Bleach, Chlor-Alkali & Caustic Soda Production (2812-BC)

Overview of Bleach, Chlor-Alkali & Caustic Soda Production (2812-BC)

— Chemical facilities that co-produces caustic soda and chlorine are typically referred to as a chlor-alkali (C/A) facilities. The chemicals are simultaneously produced as a result of the electrolysis of salt brine. These facilities typically utilizes two electrolytic processes to produce caustic soda solution and chlorine: the diaphragm cell and membrane cell processes. Caustic soda, or sodium hydroxide (NaOH), is used as a strong base in the manufacture of products that form a daily part of our lives, including pulp and paper, detergents, foodstuffs, textiles and more. Caustic Soda Solution plays an important role in many industries, including: Pulp and paper - The largest application for caustic soda worldwide. Uses include in pulping and bleaching processes, the de-inking of waste paper and water treatment. Textiles - Used to process cotton and dye synthetic fibers, such as nylon and polyester. Soap and detergents - Used in saponification, the chemical process that converts fat, tallow and vegetable oils into soap. It also is used to manufacture anionic surfactants, a crucial component in most detergents and cleaning products. Bleach manufacturing - Used to make bleach, which has industrial and consumer applications such as mold and mildew control around the home. Petroleum products - Used to explore, produce and process petroleum and natural gas. Aluminum production - Used to dissolve bauxite ore, the raw material for aluminum production. Chemical processing - Used as a basic feedstock for a wide range of downstream products, including solvents, plastics, fabrics, adhesives, coatings, herbicides, dyes, inks, pharmaceuticals and more.

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