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HomeSearch Results - BAKELITE-PHENOLIC

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Bakelite is a generic named material based on the thermosetting phenol formaldehyde resin polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride, developed in 1907-1909 by Dr. Leo Baekeland. Formed by the reaction under heat and pressure of phenol and formaldehyde, generally with a wood flour filler, it was the first plastic made from synthetic polymers. It was used for its nonconductive and heat-resistant properties in radio and telephone casings and electrical insulators.

Phenolics are little used in general consumer products today due to the cost and complexity of production and their brittle nature. An exception to the overall decline is the use in small precision-shaped components where their specific properties are required, such as molded disc brake cylinders, saucepan handles, electrical plugs and switches, and electrical iron parts. Today, Bakelite is manufactured under various commercial brand names such as Micarta. Micarta is produced in sheets, rods and tubes for hundreds of industrial applications in the electronics, power generation and aerospace industries.

Bakelite Phenolic sheet is a hard, dense material made by applying heat and pressure to layers of paper or glass cloth impregnated with synthetic resin. These layers of laminations are usually of cellulose paper, cotton fabrics, synthetic yarn fabrics, glass fabrics or unwoven fabrics. When heat and pressure are applied to the layers, a chemical reaction (polymerization) transforms the layers into a high-pressure thermosetting industrial laminated plastic.

Bakelite Phenolic is produced in dozens of commercial grades to meet mechanical, electrical and thermal requirements.

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    • Bakelite is a generic named material based on the thermosetting phenol formaldehyde resin polyoxybenzylmethylenglycolanhydride, developed in 1907-1909 by Dr. Leo Baekeland. Formed by the reaction under heat and pressure of phenol and formaldehyde, generally with a wood flour filler, it was the first plastic made from synthetic polymers. It was used for its nonconductive and heat-resistant properties in radio and telephone casings and electrical insulators.

      Structure of BakeliteDue to its hardness and durability, it was considered as a material for making pennies in the United States during World War II, due to copper being needed for shell casings. Several patterns were made in 1942, but steel was used instead in 1943 and recycled shell casings in 1944 and 1945. Bakelite Corp. was formed in 1922 from General Bakelite Co., Condensite Corp. and Redmanol Co. The company was acquired by Union Carbide and Carbon Corp. in 1938.

      Bakelite Limited was formed in 1927 from the amalgamation of three suppliers of phenol formaldehyde materials: the Damard Lacquer Company Limited of Birmingham; Mouldensite Limited of Darley Dale and Redmanol Limited of London. Around 1928, a new factory opened in Tyseley, Birmingham in September 1931. It was demolished in 1998.

      Phenolics are little used in general consumer products today due to the cost and complexity of production and their brittle nature. An exception to the overall decline is the use in small precision-shaped components where their specific properties are required, such as molded disc brake cylinders, saucepan handles, electrical plugs and switches, and electrical iron parts. Today, Bakelite is manufactured under various commercial brand names such as Micarta. Micarta is produced in sheets, rods and tubes for hundreds of industrial applications in the electronics, power generation and aerospace industries.

      The retro appeal of old Bakelite products, especially kitchenware and toys, has made them quite collectible in recent years: A quick search of, for example, eBay turns up hundreds of listings for all things Bakelite, ranging from radios to poker chips to telephones.

      Bakelite Phenolic sheet is a hard, dense material made by applying heat and pressure to layers of paper or glass cloth impregnated with synthetic resin. These layers of laminations are usually of cellulose paper, cotton fabrics, synthetic yarn fabrics, glass fabrics or unwoven fabrics. When heat and pressure are applied to the layers, a chemical reaction (polymerization) transforms the layers into a high-pressure thermosetting industrial laminated plastic.

      Bakelite Phenolic is produced in dozens of commercial grades to meet mechanical, electrical and thermal requirements.

      PAPER REINFORCED PHENOLIC NEMA XX per MIL-I-24768 PBG Normal electrical applications, moderate mechanical strength, continuous operating temperature of 250°F.

      CANVAS REINFORCED PHENOLIC NEMA C per MIL-I-24768 TYPE FBM NEMA CE per MIL-I-24768 TYPE FBG Good mechanical and impact strength with contiunuous operating temperature of 250°F.
      LINEN REINFORCED PHENOLIC NEMA L per MIL-I-24768 TYPE FBI NEMA LE per MIL-I-24768 TYPE FEI Good mechanical & electrical strength. Recommended for intricate high strength parts. Continuous operating temperature 250°F.
      NYLON REINFORCED PHENOLIC NEMA N-1 per MIL-I-24768 TYPE NPG Superior electrical properties under humid conditions, fungus resistant, continuous operating temperature of 160°F.

      Commercial names include: Bakelite, Bakelit, Baquelita, Bakélite, Bachelite, Bakeliet, Bakelit, Baquelite, Bakeliitti, Bakelit
    • X-Grade Paper Phenolic is manufactured from high strength paper bonded with a phenolic resin. The resulting material is a tough laminate with a high impact resistance, excellent tensile, compressive and flexural strengths.
    • For better electrical properties consider CE or LE Phenolic.
    • aka Micarta, Bakelite, Bakelita, Riser Plate, Tooling Plate and more
    • Phenolic - Grade L Linen is a fine weave (less than 4 ounce/square yard) cotton fabric commonly called linen, combined with phenolic resin to provide better machining than NP310. It is used for smaller and more intricate shapes than Grade C Canvas Phenolic. This products is also known Linen Phenolic, Micarta L, and Bakelite.
    • Phenolic laminated tubes are typically rolled over a mandrel to produce custom-wall thicknesses in various thermoset materials. Tubes can also be produced in pultruded fiberglass shapes & wound epoxy-glass tubes & profiles.
    • aka Micarta, Bakelite and more
    • Phenolic rods are supplied in a broad grade of grades including, CE, LE, XXX, G-10, G-11 and more. Professional Plastics supplies high-quality, precision-ground rods, known as Phenolic "Sheet Rods", as well as, Phenolic Rolled & Molded Rods.
    • Phenolic Laminates (aka Micarta, Bakelite and more)
    • Phenolic-Grade XXX is a paper base phenolic laminate with good mechanical properties, high dielectric strength, and good resistance to moisture. Grade XXX is economically priced and is recommended for most mechanical applications, for use at radio frequencies, and in high humidity situations. Typical applications include: insulating washers, sleeves, switch bases, and panelboards.
    • aka Micarta, Bakelite and more.
    • Paper Phenolic is manufactured from high strength paper bonded with a phenolic resin. The resulting material is a tough laminate with a high impact resistance, excellent tensile, compressive and flexural strengths.
    • For better electrical properties consider CE or LE Phenolic.
    • aka Micarta, Bakelite and more
    • Paper phenolic tubes are made in three standard Grades: Grade X, Grade XX & Grade XXX
    • Also See Paper Phenolic Sheets and Rods available from Professional Plastics
    • LE Phenolic (Linen Electrical Grade) laminated tubes are typically rolled over a mandrel to produce custom-wall thicknesses. Linen Phenolic Tubes (Grade LE) provide good mechanical & electrical strength.
    • Recommended for intricate high strength parts.
    • Continuous operating temperature 250°F
    • Electrical grade Linen Phenolic
    • Additional Sizes Available Upon Request
    • CE Canvas Phenolic (Canvas Electrical Grade) Rods exhibit good mechanical and impact strength with contiunuous operating temperature of 250°F.
    • CE stands for Canvas Electrical Grade.
    • Phenolic Grade LE Linen provides good mechanical & electrical strength. Recommended for intricate high strength parts. Continuous operating temperature 250°F
    • Electrical Grade Linen Phenolic Sheets & Rods per NEMA LE
    • Phenolic Canvas Grade C (machining grade) sheets for structural and mechanical applications. This laminated product utilizes a canvas base and phenolic resin binder. Grade C & CE canvas phenolic are made from a medium weave cotton cloth fabric and mixed with phenolic resins to provide good wear resistance, low moisture absorption, and good mechanical strength at economical cost.

      Canvas-based phenolics are used for structural supports, piston rings, gears, spacers, and bearing surfaces.
    • CE Canvas Phenolic Sheet (Grade CE Canvas Electrical Grade) Sheets exhibit good mechanical and impact strength with continuous operating temperature of 250°F. This material is an excellent insulator and is used in various electrical and mechanical applications.
    • CE stands for Canvas Electrical Grade.
    • Military Specifications for Thermoset Laminates per Mil-I-24768
      The following list indicates the military specifications for thermoset laminate materials.
    • MIL-I-24768/1 (GME) Glass Melamine Laminate
    • MIL-I-24768/2 (GEE) G-10 Glass Epoxy Laminate(non-brominated) Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/3 (GEB) G-11 Glass Epoxy Laminate Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/4 (GPO-1) Glass Polyester Laminate Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/5 (GPO-2) Glass Polyester Laminate Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/6 (GPO-3) Glass Polyester Laminate Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/7 (GTE) Glass Teflon Laminate
    • MIL-I-24768/8 (GMG) G-5 Glass Melamine Laminate Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/9 (NPG) Nylon Fabric Phenolic Laminate Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/10 (PBE) Paper Base XXX Phenolic Laminate Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/11 (PBG) Paper Base XX Phenolic Laminate
    • MIL-I-24768/12 (PBM) Paper Base X Phenolic Laminate Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/13 (FBE) Cotton LE Phenolic Laminate Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/14 (FBG) Cotton CE Phenolic Laminate Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/15 (FBI) Cotton L Phenolic Laminate Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/16 (FBM) Cotton C Phenolic Laminate Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/17 (GSG) G-7 Glass Silicone Laminate Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/18 (GPG) G-3 Glass Phenolic Laminate Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/19 (PBM-P) Paper Phenolic Laminate
    • MIL-I-24768/20 (PBM-PC) Paper Phenolic Laminate
    • MIL-I-24768/21 (PBG-P) Paper Phenolic Laminate
    • MIL-I-24768/22 (PBE-P) Paper Phenolic Laminate
    • MIL-I-24768/23 (PBE-PC) Paper Phenolic Laminate
    • MIL-I-24768/24 (PBM-PF) Paper Phenolic Laminate
    • MIL-I-24768/25 (PBE-PCF) Paper Phenolic Laminate
    • MIL-I-24768/26 (PEE) Paper Epoxy Laminate
    • MIL-I-24768/27 (GEE-F) G-10/FR-4 Glass Epoxy Laminate Order Online
    • MIL-I-24768/28 (GEB-F) Glass Epoxy Laminate
    • CE Phenolic (Canvas Electrical Grade)Tubes are typically rolled over a mandrel to produce custom-wall thicknesses. These Phenolic Tubes exhibit good mechanical and impact strength with contiunuous operating temperature of 250°F. CE Canvas Phenolic is an excellent insulator and is used in various electrical and mechanical applications.
    • XX Paper Phenolic is a paper-based high pressure laminate suited for general purpose electrical applications. The material has good mechanical properties and excellent moisture resistance. XX machines well and may be punched cold up to .046" and hot punched up to .093".

      XXP Paper Phenolic is better than XX grade in both electrical and moisture-resisting properties. XXP is more suited for hot punching and falls between XP and XX in punching and cold-flow characteristics.
    • Phenolic sheet is a hard, dense material made by applying heat and pressure to layers of paper or glass cloth impregnated with synthetic resin. These layers of laminations are usually of cellulose paper, cotton fabrics, synthetic yarn fabrics, glass fabrics or unwoven fabrics. When heat and pressure are applied to the layers, a chemical reaction (polymerization) transforms the layers into a high-pressure thermosetting industrial laminated phenolic sheet.
      PAPER REINFORCED PHENOLIC NEMA XX per MIL-I-24768 PBG Normal electrical applications, moderate mechanical strength, continuous operating temperature of 250°F.
      CANVAS REINFORCED PHENOLIC NEMA C per MIL-I-24768 TYPE FBM NEMA CE per MIL-I-24768 TYPE FBG Good mechanical and impact strength with contiunuous operating temperature of 250°F.
      LINEN REINFORCED PHENOLIC NEMA L per MIL-I-24768 TYPE FBI NEMA LE per MIL-I-24768 TYPE FEI Good mechanical & electrical strength. Recommended for intricate high strength parts. Continuous operating temperature 250°F.
      NYLON REINFORCED PHENOLIC NEMA N-1 per MIL-I-24768 TYPE NPG Superior electrical properties under humid conditions, fungus resistant, continuous operating temperature of 160°F.
    • Grade C Canvas Phenolic Tubes are typically rolled over a mandrel to produce custom-wall thicknesses. Phenolic Canvas Grade C is a machining grade designed for structural and mechanical applications. This laminated product utilizes a canvas base and phenolic resin binder. Grade C & CE Canvas phenolics are made from a medium weave cotton cloth fabric and mixed with phenolic resins to provide good wear resistance, low moisture absorption, and good mechanical strength at economical cost.

      Canvas-based phenolics are used for structural supports, piston rings, gears, spacers, and bearing surfaces.
    • Paper Phenolic Rods - GRADE XXX—PAPER PHENOLIC
      A paper base phenolic laminate with good mechanical properties, high dielectric strength, and good resistance to moisture. Grade XXX is our most economically priced grade and is recommended for most mechanical applications, for use at radio frequencies, and in high humidity situations.
    • TRYMER® Supercel Phenolic Insulation is a closed-cell rigid phenolic foam insulation supplied in the form of large buns for fabrication into pipe shells, curved segments, sheets, tank and vessel coverings, and other shapes for a variety of thermal insulation applications. It has a very low (good) thermal conductivity and an exceptionally low flammability. These properties make TRYMER Supercel Phenolic Insulation the ideal material for use as pipe insulation on chilled water lines operating in the air plenums of commercial buildings where flammability is the greatest concern but energy efficiency is still important and governed by codes.

      Bun yield dimensions of Trymer® Supercel are as follows:
      Table - Yield Dimensions of TRYMER Supercel Phenolic Insulation
      Trymer® Supercel Product Density - Width (inches) x Length (inches) x Height (inches), BF/bun
      Trymer® Supercel 2.50 LB Density 27" x 37" x 41.5" BF/bun = 287.9
      Trymer® Supercel 3.75 LB Density 27" x 37" x 41.5" BF/bun = 287.9
      Trymer® Supercel 5.00 LB Density 27" x 37" x 30.0" BF/bun = 208.1
      Trymer® Supercel 7.50 LB Density 27" x 37" x 20.7" BF/bun = 143.6
    • Paper Phenolic - Grade XP Punching Grade
      NP611 (NEMA XP) is a hot-punching, paper based phenolic grade. With mechanical properties approaching those of NP610, NP611 also offers improved electrical and punching characteristics. NP611 is a warm to hot punching grade, used for switch parts and other applications that need good moisture resistance, such as switch bases, terminal boards, insulating washers, and other intricate punched parts.
    • NP611 complies with the requirements of MIL-I-24768/19, Type PBM-P.


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